July19 , 2024

Keeping Your Automatic Watches Moving: Maintenance Tips and Essential Materials


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The essence of an automatic watch lies in its harmonious blend of engineering and artistry. Unlike their quartz counterparts, automatics rely on the natural rhythm of your wrist movements to fuel their operation. But ensuring this miniature marvel keeps pace with your active life requires some tender loving care. This guide dives into the world of automatic watch maintenance, empowering you with the knowledge and materials to keep your timepiece running flawlessly for years to come.

The Power of Motion: Keeping Your Watch Wound

The heart of an automatic watch lies in the rotor, a semi-circular weight that rotates freely on a pivot point within the movement. As you move your wrist throughout the day, the rotor swings back and forth, transferring kinetic energy through a series of gears. This energy is then used to wind the mainspring, a tightly coiled metal band that acts as the watch’s power source. The gradual unwinding of the mainspring stores potential energy, which is then released in a controlled manner to power the gear train that drives the hands of the watch.

  • Regular Wear: The ideal scenario is to wear your watch for at least 8 hours a day. Daily wear ensures the rotor accumulates enough energy from your natural arm movements to keep the mainspring sufficiently wound and the watch running accurately.
  • Manual Winding: If you don’t wear your watch frequently, or if the watch’s automatic winding mechanism isn’t enough due to your activity level, manual winding becomes necessary. Consult your watch’s manual for specific instructions, but the general process involves screwing down the crown (the knob on the side of the case) fully to put the movement in the winding position. Then, gently turn the crown clockwise for 20-40 rotations. Avoid overwinding, as this can put strain on the mainspring and potentially damage the movement. With some practice, you’ll develop a feel for the resistance as the mainspring becomes fully wound.
  • Watch Winders: For those with a collection of automatic watches, or those not worn daily, watch winders offer a convenient solution. These devices simulate wrist movement by gently rotating the watch at programmed intervals. This keeps the mainspring wound and the watch running even when not being worn. When choosing a watch winder, consider one with adjustable rotation cycles and programs. Some winders offer bi-directional rotation, mimicking the natural movements of your wrist more closely. Additionally, some winders can be set for different numbers of rotations per day, allowing you to tailor the winding program to the specific needs of each watch in your collection.

Materials and Tools for Maintenance

To properly maintain your automatic watch, a few essential materials and tools are required:

  • Microfiber Cloth: For regular cleaning of the watch case and bracelet.
  • Mild Soap and Water: For thorough cleaning without damaging the watch’s finish.
  • Watch Winder: To keep your watch wound when not in use.
  • Watch Case or Box: For safe and organized storage.
  • Crown Gasket: Replacement gaskets to ensure water resistance.
  • Watchmaker’s Toolkit: For minor adjustments and strap changes (if you are experienced in handling watch components).

Materials to Avoid: Here’s a quick list of materials to keep away from your watch:

  • Soap and Detergents: These can break down the gaskets and lubricants within the watch.
  • Harsh Chemicals: These can damage the finish of the case, bracelet, and dial.
  • Magnetic Fields: Strong magnets can disrupt the watch’s movement, causing it to lose accuracy.


Owning an automatic watch is an investment in both timekeeping and craftsmanship. By following these simple maintenance practices, you can ensure your watch continues to be a reliable companion for years to come. Remember, a little care goes a long way in preserving the beauty, functionality, and value of your treasured timepiece.